The seeds made by the coffee plant will be the coffee beans. Though these are referred to as beans they are not really beans in the real botanical sense of the term. The coffee plant bears red or purple fruits which are also called cherries or berries of coffee and the stone that lies inside is the ?bean? which is the foundation of coffee. Two stones lying with their flat sides together usually constitute the beans. It is from this bean that coffee is produced which you can use to produce a selection of coffee beverages like espresso, latte and cappuccino utilizing the right coffee makers- espresso machines etc. It might be mentioned a small percentage of any crop of coffee cherries include a single bean in the cherries instead of the usual two. Such berries are called pea berries.
Coffees facts Some 0.8% to 2.5% caffeine is contained in the endosperm of the coffee seed or bean. This caffeine content gives them the characteristic flavor for which the plant is cultivated. Several species of the coffee plant is there and the seeds of every species produce coffees having slightly different tastes. Variation can be observed in the flavors of different genetic subspecies also and the coffee varietals- where the coffee plants are increasingly being cultivated.
Coffee beans are a major item of export of many countries. Coffee Arabica may be the species which makes up the major portion (70-75%) of the world trade. Another important coffee species of coffee cultivated is the Coffee canephora. This is grown where the Coffee Arabica will not thrive.
Processing of coffee beans The coffee beans are processed before they’re readied for used in preparing espresso, latte, cappuccino and other special coffee drinks using coffee makers- espresso machines and so on. The processing begins with the beans being taken off the coffee cherries. The fruit is then discarded or used as a fertilizer. The bean or seed of coffee is then ground and found in the preparation of beverages of various kinds using a coffeemaker or espresso machine.
Coffee beans and espresso beans A difference between ordinary coffee beans and the espresso beans is there. The espresso beans are generally a concoction of beans. They are almost always a relatively dark roast like a Vienna or light French roast. That is seemingly a trade secret. So, despite the fact that the formula of the blend could be discovered the exact amounts or proportions in which the constituents are to be blended cannot be easily found out.
Flavoring of coffee beans Addititionally there is the process of flavoring the coffee beans so that they can work upon their natural flavor to meet some purpose. Natural oils are usually used to do this. Half an ounce of oil will be to be put into a pound of beans for the flavoring to be done.
The primary concern of most coffee lovers being the flavor of the drinks, special attention must be given to ensure that the very best flavor is obtained from the coffee beans. This is of crucial importance in case of preparation of espresso, cappuccino, latte and all the special coffee beverages. The superior coffee makers and espresso machines can also deliver the best results i.e. brew an ideal drinks only if the best flavored ground coffee beans are used. Many of the world class coffee makers and espresso machines of the day has been reported to be failing woefully to deliver desirable brews owing to the use of coffee beans that were not sufficient.
The true flavor of the coffee beans starts developing with the growth of the plant and is influenced by the climate of where it is grown. Of course, this species of the coffee plant also matters in the developing of the flavor. The processing of the bean i.e. the processes that the coffee beans are created to undergo through after they are extracted from the coffee fruits also affects their taste and flavor.
Roasting helping bring out best flavors Roasting of the beans can be an important process that helps draw out the real vibrant flavor of the beans. The carbohydrate and fat content of the coffee beans get transformed to aromatic oils by the heat of the process. This gives rise to the great coffee flavor which is cherished by the people from all corners of the world.
Various kinds of roasting of the coffee beans also have different effects on the coffee produced i.e. varying of the composition. So, while light roast produces light flavored coffee the medium roast results in preparation of a sweeter and fuller-bodied coffee. Again, dark roast that requires a long roasting time produces a spicy and sweet deep tasting coffee. The characteristic flavors of coffee that are a result of particular roasting are produced in the brews prepared by the coffee makers too.
Selecting best coffee beans and ensuring their freshness It is the best coffee beans that are to be selected. This is determined from the spot where they are procured from. The coffee planted in a specific region and influenced by its climate produces a distinctive flavor in its cherries and beans (seeds). The Arabica coffee is recognized as the most effective. Gourmet coffee drinks are made using this coffee. Other varieties like the Robusta beans have been known to have more caffeine content and lesser flavor. They are also prepared cheaper.
Keeping the coffee beans fresh is also essential. These are to be kept sealed within an air tight container. To take care of freshness in the coffee beverages that you make making use of your coffeemaker or espresso machine you need to purchase whole beans of coffee from specialty shops. These beans should be used within a week of purchase. Only then is it possible to reach enjoy perfectly flavored coffee drink. It is usually preferable to gave a good coffee grinder in the home and prepare freshly ground coffee for your brewing purpose. Pre ground coffee often lacks much of the flavor and aroma that are the sign of premium coffee. On the other hand freshly ground coffee provides more nutritional benefit and ensures the best flavor.